Perseus of Macedon


The last king of Macedon 179 – 168 BC, son of Philip V. He succeeded to dethrone his pro-Roman brother Demetrius and to organize an anti-Roman coalition with the Greek city-states. The so called Third Macedonian War started with an initial success for Perseus but in the Battle of Pydna 168 BC he suffered an utter defeat and was forced to surrender to the Romans. His victor, Lucius Aemilius Paullus, carried immense plunder back to Rome and enslaved 150 000 people from the Epirote towns, allied to Perseus. He was captured too and died in 165 or 162 BC.

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